Watercubs & Kivisilmän
working show-quality newfoundlands
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General information about
colours in Newfoundlands
Originally a dog’s base colour was wild-animal grey, which can still be seen on the wolf. The coat colour is not even, and often the tips of the fur are completely black while the middle is white followed by a blacker base colour. The colour of the single hairs are determined by the pigments, whose base colour is either black or dark brown. The fading, lack of ability to produce pigment and chemical changes enable the formation of all the different colours. Part of the genes affect the base colour of the dog, others determine the place where the colour changes. The dogs can have one, two or three different colours with all the possible markings.
The dogs have nine different gene pairs, which all have two or more combination possibilities. No dog can have more than two genes for each pair, but different dogs can have more than just one possible gene in each gene pair.
The genes are marked with letters, and the dominant gene is marked with a capital letter.
A= base colour gene. In addition, the A-set can have the at-gene, which produces dogs with two main colours: black or brown, with yellow on the feet or snout.
B= gene responsible for the production of the black colour. The gene pair’s other gene is b. If the dog does not have B, it is bb, which is brown.
C=gene responsible for producing pigment. If the dog does not have C, it will be an albino.
D= gene responsible for the production of a normal amount of pigment. If the dog does not have this gene, the colour will be lighter than normal. E.g. black becomes grey, brown becomes beige.
E= gene responsible for producing the yellowish brown colour, mask and brindle.
M= comes from the word merle.
R=kimo, which means that darker hairs are distributed in the white parts of the dogs coat if the base colour gene (S) is missing.
S= base colour gene. If the dog does not have S, the coat will have white areas. Other genes in the set are:
sj= white on the feet, stomach and neck.
sp = more white in the coat, which is unevenly distributed.
sw = the coat has a lot of white. The dog is completely white if it does not have the R-gene.
The Newfoundlands’ coat
colour is affected by five gene sets: B-set (black/brown), D-set (dilution),
A-set (agouti, black and tan), S-set (spotting, landseer) and T-set